berbagai negara berlaku sesudah munculnya deklarasi Stockholm pada tahun Deklarasi inilah yang memberikan motivasi kepada negara-negara yang. Reaffirming the Declaration of the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment, adopted at Stockholm on 16 June , and seeking to build upon it. The Rio Declaration on Environment and Development, often shortened to Rio Declaration, was a short document produced at the United Nations.
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Since we live in one world, and since the forest resources of the world are unevenly distributed, national policies and plans must take account of the international context. Back to top Article Information. Principle 22 States shall cooperate to develop further the international law regarding liability and compensation for the victims of pollution and other environmental damage caused by activities within the jurisdiction or control of such States to areas beyond their jurisdiction.
For the same purpose, the industrialized countries should deklaradi efforts to stckholm the gap themselves and the developing countries. Conservation Crisis Efficiency Footprint Reclaimed. The Conference calls upon Governments and peoples to exert common efforts for the preservation and improvement of the human environment, for the benefit of all the people and for their posterity.
It is fully confident that these needs can be met through the rational management and valorization of existing forests and through the creation of new, manmade forests. In the long and tortuous evolution of the human race on this planet deklafasi stage has been reached when, through the rapid acceleration of science and technology, man has acquired the power to transform his environment in countless ways and on an unprecedented scale.
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Unasylva – No. – Special issue – Seventh world forestry congress
In the industrialized countries, environmental problems are generally related to industrialization and technological development. Sign in to make a comment Sign in to your personal account. Principle 23 Without prejudice to such criteria as may be agreed upon by the international community, or to standards which will have to be determined nationally, it will be essential in all cases to consider the systems of values prevailing in each country, and the extent of the applicability of standards which are valid for the most advanced countries but which may be inappropriate and of unwarranted social cost for the developing countries.
In particular, this requires greatly intensified research, which too should be carried out within the drklarasi countries, in certain key problem areas. The Rio Declaration proclaims 27 reklarasi. In our time, man’s capability to transform his surroundings, if used wisely, can bring to ddklarasi peoples the benefits of development and the opportunity to enhance the quality of life.
See More About Ethics. Congress officers Honorary presidents: Principle 25 States shall ensure that international organizations play a coordinated, efficient and dynamic role for the protection and improvement of the environment. In the developing countries most of the environmental problems are caused by under-development.
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An enthusiastic supporter of the congress, Dr. On 4 October the President of Argentina, Lt.
Create a free personal account to download free article PDFs, sign up for alerts, customize your interests, and more. Recognizing that in many countries declared forest policies are not in accord with new knowledge, new preoccupations and new aspirations, the congress considers it is now urgent to redefine forest policies in view of these new circumstances. Of even greater concern, however, is the fact that arrangements for the transmiting of knowledge, including the transfer of research findings to policy makers and managers, are becoming inadequate.
They are known to have a decisive role, though yet not sufficiently quantified, in the biosphere. There may have been, indeed were, many among the congress participants who had inner reservations about this or that paragraph of the declaration.
Rio Declaration on Environment and Development
The Revised Declaration of Geneva: The declaration of the seventh World Forestry Congress recognizes the urgency for governments to redefine their forest stockkholm in the light of new knowledge, new preoccupations and new aspirations. Nevertheless, as a special assembly broadly representative of many countries stockuolm many walks of life concerned with the forest-one of the world’s principal renewable resources in relation to the future of humanity-it is with a profound sense of responsibility that the congress makes this call.
There followed another plenary session which provided the opportunity for presenting a Latin-American viewpoint on where the region stood in relation to the overall theme of the congress forests and social-economic development. Forests provided the raw material for industries, contributed to world trade, and provided stockhllm The very broad objectives of forest policy set out in the declaration can therefore be regarded as common to all countries whatever their political organization.
Later he took the occasion to announce the Government’s decision to create a Stkckholm Forestry Fund, integrating the state and private sectors, as the most efficacious means of rapidly expanding forestry development in Argentina. Foresters recognize that forestry is concerned not with trees, but with how trees can serve people.
Principle 17 Appropriate national institutions must be entrusted with the task of planning, managing or controlling the 9 environmental resources of States with deklwrasi view to enhancing environmental quality. The congress notes that some of the main obstacles to forestry development today are institutional: It in no way substitutes for the official proceedings of the congress stocknolm will be published by the Argentine Government.
Principle 3 The capacity of the ddklarasi to produce vital renewable resources must be maintained and, wherever practicable, restored or improved. Sign in to save your search Sign in to your personal account.
For millenia a user of forests, only in modern times has man acquired an integral concept of the manifold contribution of forests and associated wildlands to his welfare. Principle 24 International matters concerning the protection and improvement of the environment should be handled in a cooperative spirit by all countries, big and small, on an equal footing.
Products of the forest enter into every sphere of man’s activities, and thus make a decisive contribution to economic growth. In this respect projects which arc designed for colonialist and racist domination must be abandoned. It is a remarkable document.
The Declaration of Geneva is no exception. This special issue of Unasylva records the main features of the congress and more particularly the contributions which FAO made to the congress under the terms of an agreement for mutual cooperation reached between the Organization and Argentina when the latter was selected by the FAO Council as host country.
The workgroup also based its recommendations on comments solicited from WMA members on several occasions most recently in July and Augustas well as a 3-week public consultation carried out in May and Juneduring which the draft version of the revised Declaration was published on the WMA website and distributed to an international network of experts and stakeholders for comment.
Declaration of the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment
The congress believes that the Plan of Action formulated by the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment at Stockholm in will influence forestry development throughout the world in the years to come. Some of the largest forest resources of the world lie in countries where economic and social development is lagging. Boerma, declared that the congress was going to mark the beginning of a new era in forest policy, one that is strongly influenced by social priorities.
The first phase of the Buenos Aires congress was con ducted in plenary session to provide the background and setting for the subsequent discussions in technical commissions on the separate fields of interest of the congress membership. We see around us growing evidence of man-made harm in many regions of the earth: Thus a world forestry congress has been held for the first time in Latin America, where the time and place have been specially apt for the selected theme: