Chlorobenzene. MSDS# Section 1 – Chemical Product and Company Identification. MSDS. Name: Chlorobenzene. Catalog. Numbers: AC CAS #. Chemical name. Concentration (% by weight). Common name and synonyms. Monochlorobenzene. Chlorobenzene. Chlorobenzene for synthesis. CAS , chemical formula C₆H₅Cl. – Find MSDS or SDS, a COA, data sheets and more information.
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This colorless, flammable liquid is a common solvent and a widely used intermediate in the manufacture of other chemicals.
The bacterium Rhodococcus phenolicus degrades chlorobenzene as sole carbon sources. Halogenated solvents Hazardous air pollutants Chloroarenes Aromatic solvents Phenyl compounds.
Ullmann’s Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Chlorobenzene is manufactured by chlorination of benzene in the presence of a catalytic amount of Lewis acid such as ferric chloridesulfur dichlorideand anhydrous aluminium chloride: LC Lo lowest published. Chlorobenzene can persist in soil for several months, in air for about 3. Chlorkbenzene mononitrochlorobenzenes are converted to related 2-nitrophenol2-nitroanisole, bis 2-nitrophenyl disulfide, and 2-nitroaniline by nucleophilic displacement of the chloride, with respectively vhlorobenzene hydroxidesodium methoxidesodium disulfide, and ammonia.
Chlorobenzene – Wikipedia
Humans may be exposed to this agent via breathing contaminated air primarily via occupational exposureconsuming contaminated food or water, or by coming into contact with contaminated soil typically near hazardous waste sites. Because chlorine is electronegative, C 6 H 5 Cl exhibits somewhat decreased susceptibility to further chlorination.
Retrieved from ” https: Chlorobenzene can be produced by from aniline via benzenediazonium chloridethe route being known as the Sandmeyer reaction. Journal of Geophysical Research: Views Read Edit View history. Industrially the reaction is conducted as a continuous process to minimize the formation of dichlorobenzenes. The heating would have triggered a reaction of organics in the Martian soil, which is known to contain perchlorate.
It was first described in Upon entering the body, typically via contaminated air, chlorobenzene is excreted both via the lungs and the urinary system.
However, because it has only been found at 97 out of 1, NPL hazardous waste sites, it is not considered a hclorobenzene environmental contaminant. Chlorobenzene is also used as a high-boiling solvent in many industrial applications as well as in the laboratory.
The catalyst enhances the electrophilicity of the chlorine. The conversions of the 4-nitro derivative are similar.
Inchlorobenzehe SAM science team announced that the Curiosity rover reported evidence of higher concentrations of chlorobenzene in a sedimentary rock, named ” Cumberland “, on Mars.
Chlorobenzene once was used in the manufacture of certain pesticidesmost notably DDTby reaction with chloral trichloroacetaldehydebut this application has declined with the diminished use of DDT.
Chlorobenzene is an aromatic organic compound with the chemical formula C 6 H 5 Cl. LD 50 median dose. The major use of chlorobenzene is as an intermediate in the production of cnlorobenzene such as herbicides, dyestuffs, and rubber.
This page was last edited on 15 Novemberat