Descriptions and articles about the Chard, scientifically known as Beta vulgaris var. cicla in the Encyclopedia of Life. Includes Ecology; Associations; Wiki. Beta vulgaris var. cicla Linn. 厚皮菜. Description from Flora of China. Root branched, not tuberlike. The leaves are used as a vegetable (spinach beet, Swiss . EPPO code: BEAVV; Preferred name: Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris var. cicla; Authority: (Linnaeus) Arcangeli. Notes. Beet cultivated as a.
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Retrieved from ” https: This is called beeturia.
Chard (Beta vulgaris var. cicla) – World Vegetable Center
Yellow-coloured garden beets are grown on a very small scale for home consumption. Apicius in De re coquinaria gives five recipes for soups to be given as a laxativethree of which feature the root of beet. List of beet diseases.
Journal of the American Dietetic Association. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. The pigments are contained in cell vacuoles. The World’s Greatest Cooking Encyclopedia. Leaf vegetables Amaranthaceae Edible plants. The flowers are produced in dense vulgsris, basally interrupted inflorescences. Chard is used in traditional Swiss cuisine, however, namely vulgqris a dish called Capuns from the Canton of Grisons.
Chard is also known by many common namessuch as Swiss chardsilver beetperpetual spinachbeet spinachseakale beetor leaf beet. The usually deep-red roots of garden beet can be baked, boiled, or steamed, and often served hot as a cooked vegetable or cold as a salad vegetable. There are 18 chromosomes found in 2 sets, which makes beets diploid.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Beet. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Fresh beets, nature’s jewels for the table”. Beet greens and Swiss chard are both considered high oxalate foods which are implicated in the formation of kidney stones. Beets are one of the most boron -intensive of modern crops, a dependency possibly introduced as an evolutionary response its pre-industrial ancestor ‘s constant exposure to sea spray ; on commercial farms, a 60 tonne per hectare The composition of different betalain pigments can vary, resulting in strains of beetroot which are yellow or other colors in addition to the familiar deep red.
They are also pickled. For the album by The Bats, see Silverbeet album. Betaine and betalaintwo phytochemical compounds prevalent in Beta vulgarisare under basic research for their potential biological properties. Jews traditionally eat beet on Rosh Hashana New Year. The origin of the adjective “Swiss” is unclear, since the Mediterranean plant is not native to Switzerland.
All cultivars fall into the subspecies Beta vulgaris subsp. In the cultivars of the Flavescens-Group, the leaf stalks are large and often prepared separately from the leaf blade.
Raw beets are added to salads. The Hamlyn Publishing Group Limited. In Eastern Europe beet soup, such as cold borschis a popular dish. Fresh young chard can be used raw in salads.
Retrieved January 10, Clusters of chard seeds are usually sown, in the Northern Hemisphere, between June and October, depending on the desired harvesting period. Chard can be harvested while the leaves are young and tender, or after maturity when they are larger and have slightly tougher stems.
Chenopodiaceae pro parte majore. For other uses, see Chard disambiguation.
Chard, like other green leafy vegetables, has highly nutritious leaves, making it a popular component of healthy diets. Betoideae and notes on the taxonomy of Beta ” PDF.
Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris
Chard is one of the hardier leafy greens, with a harvest season typically lasting longer than kalespinach or baby greens. Retrieved 21 May Chard is a spring harvest plant. It remains a widely cultivated commercial crop for producing table sugar, in part due to subsidies scaled to keep it competitive with tropical sugar cane.
Three subspecies are typically recognised. Roman and Jewish literary sources suggest that in the 1st century BC the domestic beet was represented in the Mediterranean basin primarily by leafy forms like chard and spinach beet. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. Flora of North America Editorial Committee eds. Other pigments contained in beet are indicaxanthin and vulgarsi yellow to orange pigments known as betaxanthins.
Koch Cicla GroupB. Spinach beet leaves are eaten as a pot herb. Zohary and Hopf note that beetroot is “linguistically well identified. Chard is a biennial. The fruit utricle is enclosed by the leathery and befa perianth, and is immersed in the swollen, hardened perianth base.
Domestication of plants in the old world: Beta vulgaris beet is a plant which is included in Betoideae subfamily in the Amaranthaceae family.